The demand for IT projects is constantly growing with Gartner projecting that global IT spending will reach a total of $4.5 trillion by 2022. This is no new trend with 89% of companies already prepared to grow their IT budgets from 2019.
As the world dives deeper and deeper into technology, especially with the rise of Artificial Intelligence, governing IT projects well is becoming even more important to organisations. But what makes IT project governance different from normal project governance and what are the unique barriers project managers might face when running IT projects?
What makes IT Projects Different?
While the core functions of project governance are largely universal, the techniques used may vary significantly depending on the context of the project, particularly its methodology. Historically, project governance has been discussed in light of traditional Waterfall-based stage-gate methodologies that are sometimes considered unsuited from IT projects.
Many IT projects apply iterative methodologies like Agile that are inherently different from traditional methodologies due to their emphasis on customer value, flexible requirements, iterative structures, and self-governing qualities. These inherent differences have often led Agile advocates to declare that project governance has no place in Agile projects. We believe otherwise. While Agile projects may be different, it does not mean that project governance is no longer valid.
No matter if you are running Waterfall-based or Agile-based projects, every project team wants to make the right decision and make these decisions faster to achieve their objectives. Agile governance is not about adding more rules to a flexible framework, but about establishing the fastest route that creates the most value.
Read more: Project Governance in Agile
What is IT Governance
Gartner defines IT governance (ITG) as ‘the processes that ensure the effective and efficient use of IT in enabling an organisation to achieve its goals.
IT projects are often iterative and demands for product upgrades, updates and new products are always fighting for priority. IT demand governance (ITDG) is the way that all these demands are prioritised and selected. Gartner defines ITDG as the ‘process by which organizations ensure the effective evaluation, selection, prioritization, and funding of competing IT investments; oversee their implementation, and extract (measurable) business benefits.’
IT Governance Frameworks are often concerned with managing 5 key aspects:
- Strategic Alignment: Making sure that IT investments and projects are aligned with the business strategy
- Value Delivery: Ensuring that IT investments and projects deliver value over their entire life cycle
- Risk Management: Ensuring the strategic objectives of the organisation are not jeopardized by potential IT project failure
- Resource Management: Ensuring the optimization of IT resources
- Performance Measurement: Ensuring all stakeholders understand how IT investments and projects are contributing to the achievement of the organisation’s objectives.
Barriers to successful IT project Governance
Through their extended literature review, Yudatama and others identify 7 key barriers to the successful implementation of IT governance.
1. Inadequate understanding of rules and regulations
This involves both internal and external regulations. Firstly, many organisations fail to set simple, clear and consistent rules or regulations regarding IT Governance that can be easily understood by the organisation.
Additionally, IT rules and regulations should adhere to IT compliances that ensure the security of both desired by the customer and required by law. These compliances may vary depending on the industry of the business and the type of IT project.
2. Inadequate governance frameworks
As a result of the lack of understanding, IT governance frameworks fail to adequately balance necessary compliances with the freedom to action and expression. This often leaves teams feeling leashed and less willing to push innovative out-of-the-box ideas.
Finding the balance and crafting the right framework for your organisation’s context is critical to project success. Research shows that organisations that invest in proven project management practices waste 28 times less money.
3. Lack of Communication of Value
IT departments and senior management often seem to be speaking two different languages. IT teams like to discuss projects in terms of customer value, while management teams often discuss projects in terms of functional value and business benefits. A lack of proper communication of value often leads to a lack of buy-in and ownership from key stakeholders that can be detrimental to project success.
Read more: Project value vs Project Benefits
4. Lack of Commitment from Senior Management
When executives and senior management are not fully supportive of IT projects, the projects often lack an effective sponsor who is accountable for project goals and benefits and who can mediate conflicting demands. Dates start slipping, tasks run over schedule and roadblocks start emerging, weak ownership can play an important role in increasing the chances for project failure.
Governance in any organisation with any methodology needs to be an enterprise-wide initiative to be truly successful. Simply putting the weight of governance on a single team or department is bound to lead to governance implementation failure.
5. Lack of Financial Support
Lack of communication and commitment from senior management often leads to lack to lack of financial support. However, other factors often come into play with IT projects. IT projects typically start with unclear objectives which often makes them prone to project scope creep and budget overruns. These ambiguities can have a significant impact on project success with research showing that project professionals believe that poor estimation during project planning phases is the biggest contributor to IT project failures
6. Lack of Business and IT integration
IT projects are not just undertaken by software and tech companies. Every day, for example, retail companies and even NGOs are engaging with some form of IT project as consumers become increasingly integrated and dependent on digital technologies and services. For too long, IT development has been relegated to the IT team and lacks integration with the overall organisation and its strategy.
For IT projects to be successful, IT governance needs to consider the varying needs and requirements of both the business and IT to create a framework that incorporates and addresses both perspectives.
7. IT staff are less oriented towards business
As previously mentioned, sometimes IT teams can speak their own language and have their own perspectives that can be detached from the greater organisation. For IT governance to be accepted by both IT teams and the wider organisation, IT teams need to adapt to have the necessary skills and attitudes to support business function and act as business enablers.
Take your IT project governance to the next level with pmo365
Our team at pmo365 know just how important good IT project governance is to project success. But achieving it may not be so simple, especially if you do not have the right PPM solution on your side. Check out how our PPM solution can automate, analyse, optimise and visualize your project governance activities so your teams can focus on making better decisions and achieving project success.